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Organic Farming

  Farmers being explained working of vermi-compost pits. Vermi-compost is the primary ingredient for raising organic crops  

If any one asks the question: is it really the agriculture is friendly to the environment?. The answer to this question is “Not always”. It is well known that present methods of farming causes long term effects of reduced soil productivity, environmental pollution and hazards to human health. Application of high doze of fertilizers, pesticides, uneven irrigation, hybrid seeds are the major causes of the decreasing soil productivity. Large areas are suffering from high doses of fertilizers and pesticides; nearly about 85% of the total agriculture area of the nation depends on rainfall. Indian monsoon is normally uneven, erratic and scattered in nature. To ovoid future degradation and to/ produce environmentally sound food with healthy nutrition, organic / balanced scientific farming has key importance for the benefit of the nation.

Organic farming is an art, practical science and emerging industry of managing the growth of plant and animal for human use. It is a Successful Agricultural Production Methods based on creating dynamic balance between humanitarian, environmental and agronomic factors. Organic farming practices minimize the impact of the agricultural activity on the environment.

Considering the importance and visualizing the future, IISD took initiative in promoting farmers for organic / balanced scientific farming practices for last 3 years. To make a dent on the existing mindsets of the traditional farming practices, IISD organized demonstrations on farmers’ field so that he can have a first hand experience by doing the things himself. To break the traditional farming practices IISD:

1. Organization of Extensive Meeting

First of all it was very necessary to spread awareness on the organic farming practices, so IISD organized extensive meetings in more than 50 villages of Barabanki District. During these meetings Dr. Satish Subedar (an agriculture scientist) answered all quarries of farmers about the organic practices.

2. Training on Development of Organic Compost

Second step was to train farmers on development of organic compost, bio pesticides, etc. from the available material to reduce the production cost. Farmers were trained in self production of vermin-composting, NADEP compost, bio-fertilizers (used for soil improvement); Chilli+Garlic+tob. extract, Neem-ark (used as bio-pesticides); and Vermi-wash, Panch-gau (used to enhance the growth of the plant), etc.

3. Demonstration on Farmers Field

Again to develop confidence among the farmers some demonstration sites were selected and different crops were taken to get better results. It was also observed that the productivity of the land must not drop to much extent, although it increases in due course of time.

4. Marketing of Organic Produce

At this front IISD tried its own efforts to capture the market so that items produced by farmers could fetch some increased amount just to enhance their confidence. It was successful efforts as now people are slowly demanding the products of IISD’s good faith. Earlier we were supplying only Wheat and Rice but now slowly more and more products and joining the list. This year we supplied Onion, Potato, Mustered oil, Honey, Jaun, Corundum etc.